Vermont Journal of Environmental Law

Volume 21 (2019-2020)

The Right to a Clean Environment in India: Gender Perspective

The watershed moments for the recognition and development of human rights mechanisms in international law were the creation of the United Nations in 1945 and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) in 1948.1 Since then, the UDHR, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR),2 and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)3collectively the International Bill of Rightshave mainstreamed several human rights in the form of political, cultural, social, and economic rights. However, despite UDHR’s significance in human life and the enjoyment of human rights, the right to a clean environment could not find a place in any of these instruments.  

The Right to a Clean Environment in India: Gender PerspectiveThe Right to a Clean Environment in India: Gender Perspective